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+ Expand All Currency Frequently Asked Questions

  • QWhat is currency trading?
    Currency trading – at its most basic definition - is the simultaneous buy and sale of one currency against another. It is like pair trading (USD vs INR).

    For example – if USD/INR is trading at

    74.50 74.51

    and if one buys at 74.51, it means he/she is bullish on dollar (bearish on INR). Similarly, if one sells dollar, it means bearish on dollar (bullish on INR).
  • QWhat is Exchange Traded Currency Futures and Options?
    Exchange Traded Currency Futures and Options is like any other derivatives contract (NIFTY, Bank NIFTY) that gets traded on exchange having fixed contract size and expiry date.
  • QWhich all currency pairs are available on exchanges?
    Presently, there are 7 currency pairs available in futures and options:

    Note: Weekly option is available in all INR pairs expiring every Friday of the week.

    Weekly Futures available only in EURINR, GBPINR and JPYINR.
  • QWhat are the advantages of trading Currency Futures & Options?
    Exchange traded Currency Futures & Options has not only opened a new asset class to the individuals but also gives opportunity to express their price view on USDINR and other currency pairs.

    Some of the advantages of Exchange Traded Currency Futures & Options are as follows:

    a) Lower Transaction Cost – There is no STT/CTT applicable in Currency Futures & Options. Stamp duty is also the lowest (Rs.10 per cr – only on buy side) of all the products that gets traded on exchange.

    b) Smaller Contract Size – All contracts are of value less than one lac. Easier to take price view.

    c) Lower volatility – Compared to other products (Nifty/Gold etc.), USDINR has lower volatility and hence easier to manage position.

    d) Longer trading hours – As currency market trades from 9 am to 5 pm, one gets additional one and a half to trade in currency and more time to react.

    e) Low Margin – Margin required is usually in the range of 2.5% to 5% depending upon currency pair.

    Indicative Margin Requirement
    Nifty 18% - 20%
    Gold 8% - 10%
    USDINR 2.50% - 3%

    f) Higher Leverage – Because of low margin, leverage can go as high as is as high as 33X to 40X (USDINR).
  • QWhat is the indicative margin in different currency pairs?
    Indicative margin in different currency pairs as follows:

    Note: The margin percentage can be different at the time of actual transaction

    For example – for one lot of USDINR, margin requirement would be in the range of Rs 1875 (75000 * 2.5%) to 2250 (75000 * 3%).
  • QIn what form margin can be given?
    Margin can be given in the form of cash or approved securities with applicable hair-cut. In fact, one can use the same margin given for equity F&O provided he/she is activated to trade in currency segment.
  • QWhat is the size of each contract (lot)?

    One can trade in the multiple of above lots both in futures and options.

    For example
    If USDINR is trading at 74.50, value of one lot = ($1000 * 74.5050 = 74505)
    If EURINR is trading at 87.35 value of one lot = (€1000 * 87.3525 = 87352.50)
  • QWhat is the minimum tick size?
    Minimum tick size is 0.0025p across all futures and options contracts.

    Basically, it means that in one tick, maximum price movement is Rs. 2.5 (1000 * 0.0025).
  • QWhat are the trading hours?
    Currency futures and options market trade from 9 am to 5 pm, Monday to Friday.
  • QHow the contracts are settled?
    Both futures and options are cash settled.

    Daily settlement happens at last half an hour weighted average price.

    However, final settlement for monthly contracts happens at FBIL reference rate at 12:30 pm. Unlike equity, which expires on last Thursday of every month, currency futures and options contracts expire two working days prior to the last business day of month

    For example, if Sep 30, 2020 (Wednesday) happens to be last working day of month, September futures and options contract would expire on Sep 28, 2020 (Monday) at 12:30 pm at RBI reference rate declared by FBIL.

    Weekly option contracts expire every Friday at 12:30 pm at RBI reference rate.
  • QWhat impacts the movement in currency pairs?
    A) Price movement in any currency pair is an outcome of many factors, ranging from geo-political risk (like Indo-China border issue) to macro developments (fiscal deficit, trade deficit, inflation etc.) to overall risk sentiment. However, short term price movements in USDINR is mainly influenced by

    Global risk sentiment – A global risk-on sentiment is normally seen as positive for emerging market currencies like USDINR etc. One can look at other emerging market currencies like USDCNY, USDKRW, USDIDR, USDZAR etc. to gauge the likely price movement in USDINR. It is similar to how equity market participants looks at global equity indices and tries to gauge the intra-day move in local equity market.

    Trade and current account balance - A worsening trade deficit (export < import) is negative for rupee. Whereas an improving trade balance, is positive for INR. Crude oil has a large share in Indian import basket and hence its movement does impact USDINR.

    Contract Specification:

Why Demat Account?
  • Mandatory by SEBI
  • Easy Portfolio Management
  • Security of Equity Investments.
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